He went to school first at Penrith and then at Hawkshead Grammar school before studying, fromat St John's College, Cambridge - all of which periods were later to be described vividly in The Prelude. In he went with friends on a walking tour to France, the Alps and Italy, before arriving in France where Wordsworth was to spend the next year. Whilst in France he fell in love twice over: Returning to England he wrote, and left unpublished, his Letter to the Bishop of Llandaff - a tract in support of the French Revolutionary cause.
Early life and education Wordsworth was born in the Lake District of northern Englandthe second of five children of a modestly prosperous estate manager. He lost his mother when he was 7 and his father when he was 13, upon which the orphan boys were sent off by guardian uncles to a grammar school at Hawkshead, a village in the heart of the Lake District.
At Hawkshead Wordsworth received an excellent education in classics, literatureand mathematics, but the chief advantage to him there was the chance to indulge in the boyhood pleasures of living and playing in the outdoors.
There he was caught up in the passionate enthusiasm that followed the fall of the Bastilleand became an ardent republican sympathizer. But before their child was born in DecemberWordsworth had to return to England and was cut off there by the outbreak of war between England and France.
He was not to see his daughter Write a brief biography of william wordsworth poet until she was nine. First it turned him away from the long poems on which he had laboured since his Cambridge days. These included poems of social protest like Salisbury Plain, loco-descriptive poems such as An Evening Walk and Descriptive Sketches published inand The Borderers, a blank-verse tragedy exploring the psychology of guilt and not published until Stimulated by Coleridge and under the healing influences of nature and his sister, Wordsworth began in —98 to compose the short lyrical and dramatic poems for which he is best remembered by many readers.
Many of these short poems were written to a daringly original program formulated jointly by Wordsworth and Coleridge, and aimed at breaking the decorum of Neoclassical verse.
The manifesto and the accompanying poems thus set forth a new style, a new vocabulary, and new subjects for poetry, all of them foreshadowing 20th-century developments. As early as Wordsworth began to talk in grand terms of this poem, to be entitled The Recluse.
It thus describes a circular journey—what has been called a long journey home.
But the main events in the autobiography are internal: The Recluse itself was never completed, and only one of its three projected parts was actually written; this was published in as The Excursion and consisted of nine long philosophical monologues spoken by pastoral characters. This bleak narrative records the slow, pitiful decline of a woman whose husband had gone off to the army and never returned.
For later versions of this poem Wordsworth added a reconciling conclusion, but the earliest and most powerful version was starkly tragic. A turn to the elegiac In the company of Dorothy, Wordsworth spent the winter of —99 in Germany, where, in the remote town of Goslarin Saxony, he experienced the most intense isolation he had ever known.
All of these poems make up what is now recognized as his great decade, stretching from his meeting with Coleridge in until Induring the short-lived Peace of AmiensWordsworth returned briefly to France, where at Calais he met his daughter and made his peace with Annette.
He then returned to England to marry Mary Hutchinson, a childhood friend, and start an English family, which had grown to three sons and two daughters by Henceforth he would produce a different kind of poetry, defined by a new sobriety, a new restraint, and a lofty, almost Miltonic elevation of tone and diction.
It is generally accepted that the quality of his verse fell off as he grew more distant from the sources of his inspiration and as his Anglican and Tory sentiments hardened into orthodoxy. The most admired are the Duddon sonnetswhich trace the progress of a stream through Lake District landscapes and blend nature poetry with philosophic reflection in a manner now recognized as the best of the later Wordsworth.
Other sonnet sequences record his tours through the European continent, and the three series of Ecclesiastical Sketches develop meditations, many sharply satirical, on church history.
Late work In Wordsworth and his family moved from Dove Cottage to larger quarters in Grasmere, and five years later they settled at Rydal Mount, near Ambleside, where Wordsworth spent the remainder of his life.
He did publish Poems, in Two Volumes in ; The Excursion incontaining the only finished portions of The Recluse; and the collected Poems ofwhich contained most of his shorter poems and two important critical essays as well.
Through all these years Wordsworth was assailed by vicious and tireless critical attacks by contemptuous reviewers; no great poet has ever had to endure worse. But finally, with the publication of The River Duddon inthe tide began to turn, and by the mids his reputation had been established with both critics and the reading public.
William Wordsworth, engraving, Most readers find the earliest versions of The Prelude and other heavily revised poems to be the best, but flashes of brilliance can appear in revisions added when the poet was in his seventies. Thereafter his influence was felt throughout the rest of the 19th century, though he was honoured more for his smaller poems, as singled out by the Victorian critic Matthew Arnoldthan for his masterpiece, The Prelude.
In the 20th century his reputation was strengthened both by recognition of his importance in the Romantic movement and by an appreciation of the darker elements in his personality and verse.
Legacy William Wordsworth was the central figure in the English Romantic revolution in poetry. His contribution to it was threefold. First, he formulated in his poems and his essays a new attitude toward nature.
Writing it in a drawn-out process of self-exploration, Wordsworth worked his way toward a modern psychological understanding of his own nature, and thus more broadly of human nature.
It is probably safe to say that by the late 20th century he stood in critical estimation where Coleridge and Arnold had originally placed him, next to John Milton —who stands, of course, next to William Shakespeare.On Wednesday evening, 2 December , William Wordsworth wrote to his friend Robert Southey about the death of Thomas Wordsworth, the poet’s six-year-old son, the previous day.
The simplicity and directness of this letter communicate Wordsworth’s sorrow with great power and integrity. William Wordsworth - Poet - William Wordsworth, who rallied for "common speech" within poems and argued against the poetic biases of the period, wrote some of the most influential poetry in Western literature, including his most famous work, The Prelude, which is often considered to be the crowning achievement of English romanticism.
Watch video · William Wordsworth Biography Poet (–) At the end of the 18th century, poet William Wordsworth helped found the Romantic movement in Born: Apr 07, Poet Biography Wordsworth, born in his beloved Lake District, was the son of an attorney.
He went to school first at Penrith and then at Hawkshead Grammar school before studying, from , at St John's College, Cambridge - all of which periods were later to be described vividly in The Prelude.
William Wordsworth () LIFE. William Wordsworth was born at Cockermouth, Cumberland, on April 7, , and was educated at Hawkshead Grammar School and at Cambridge.
William Carlos Williams - Poet - Poet, novelist, essayist, and playwright William Carlos Williams is often said to have been one of the principal poets of the Imagist movement.